Is sugarcane farming business profitable?


Sugarcane growing is an extremely successful and lucrative industry.

The growing of sugarcane is a very widespread and well-liked industry worldwide. In India, Bangladesh, and a few other south Asian nations, it is an extensively farmed crop.

The term “sugarcane” really refers to a number of species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the tribe Andropogoneae, genus Saccharum.

Most sugarcane plants have strong, jointed, and fibrous stalks and are 6 to 20 feet tall, depending on the cultivar. Additionally, the stalk internodes of these stalks collect a lot of sucrose.

A mature stalk typically contains 63–73% water, 2-3% non-sugars, 11–16% fibre, and 12–16% soluble sugars.

As you are undoubtedly aware, sugarcane is a member of the Poaceae family of grasses. It is a flowering plant family with many different fodder crops in addition to rice, sorghum, wheat, and maize that is highly significant commercially. It is indigenous to India, Southeast Asia, and New Guinea, which are all warm, temperate to tropical climates.

Saccharum officinarum, a species of sugarcane, and its hybrids account for the majority of the sugar produced worldwide. All varieties of sugarcane may crossbreed, and the majority of the commercial cultivars are intricate hybrids.

Climate, fertilisers, irrigation, soil type, insects, disease control, variety, and harvest time all have an impact on the sugarcane crop. The average output of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare, depending on the variety.

The precise yield, however, depends on a number of variables. Additionally, productivity in sugarcane cultivation can range from 30 to 180 tonnes per hectare depending on expertise and crop management techniques.

The production of sugar in the globe is made mostly from sugarcane, with the remaining 30% coming from sugar beets. While sugarcane mostly grows in tropical and subtropical countries, sugar beets often thrive in cooler temperate locations.

The greatest crop in the world in terms of production is sugarcane. Brazil accounted for 40% of the global sugarcane production in 2017, which was over 1.8 billion tonnes.

According to estimates from the Food and Agriculture Organization, it was grown on over 26 million hectares (64 million acres) throughout more than 90 countries in 2012.

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